Kampala - At least 1 700 Congolese M23 rebels, including the
top commander, have surrendered to Ugandan authorities following their defeat
by Congolese troops, a Ugandan military official said on Thursday.
General Sultani Makenga, M23's military commander, and his
fighters were being held by the Ugandan military in Mgahinga, a forested area
near the DRC border, the official said.
The rebels had been disarmed and were being registered by
Ugandan officials, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity
because he was not authorised to give this information.
This week the rebels lost control of all the territory they
once held following an intensified offensive by Congolese troops who are backed
by United Nations forces in eastern DRC.
After their last major stronghold fell last week, the rebels
appeared to flee from the border town of Bunagana to the surrounding hills and
forests. Earlier this week the rebels' civilian leader, Bertrand Bisimwa,
announced the rebellion was over, saying he wanted to work with DRC’s
government toward finding a political solution to violence in eastern DRC.
Makenga, the M23 commander, is the subject of the UN
sanctions, and it remained unclear what Ugandan officials would do with him.
Under the banner of a regional bloc, Uganda has been hosting
peace talks between the rebels and DRC’s government. Those talks have
repeatedly stalled, but there were signs a final accord might be signed soon
after Congolese troops gained an upper hand against the rebels in recent
fighting in eastern DRC.
M23 launched its rebellion in April 2012, becoming the
latest reincarnation of a Tutsi rebel group dissatisfied with the Congolese
government. A report by UN experts has said neighbouring Rwanda, whose
president is also an ethnic Tutsi, provided weapons, recruits and training to
M23 rebels. Rwanda's government denies the allegations, saying DRC’s government
has failed to police its territory.
M23 had been substantially weakened in the past year by
internal divisions and waning Rwandan support, according to the UN Defections
from the M23 went up, totalling 80 in October.
The Congolese military capitalised on these rebel setbacks
by pushing ahead with new offensives beginning in August that were supported by
a brigade of the UN forces with a mandate to attack the rebels.