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Call for more troops to secure peace in Mali

26 October 2013, 15:55

Dakar - Leaders of the 15-nation west African bloc Ecowas met on Friday in Senegal to call for "urgent steps" from the international community to secure peace in Mali and discuss the creation of a single currency.

While the economy was expected to top the agenda, the Economic Community of West African States conference in the capital Dakar opened and wound up with leaders giving speeches on political tensions following an upsurge in Islamist violence in neighbouring Mali.

Senegal President Macky Sall welcomed his recently-elected Malian counterpart Ibrahim Boubacar Keita and urged the gathered heads of state to "continue efforts to maintain peace and security in the region".

The regional bloc called for a greater contribution of troops from the international community to the UN mission in Mali (Minusma) following a recent surge in Islamist attacks.

Minusma is meant to eventually reach 12 640 troops and police. At the end of July it had just over 6 000, but Nigerian and some Chadian troops have since withdrawn.

France sent troops to Mali in January to halt an advance on the capital Bamako by al-Qaeda linked Islamist groups and allied Tuareg rebels. It plans to reduce its presence from 3,000 soldiers today to 1,000 by the end of January 2014.

Ecowas Commission chief Kadre Desire Ouedraogo read out a statement agreed by the leaders as the conference closed which said a common market and single currency, envisaged by 2020, would require a commitment to peace, security and stability.

"In this regard, the heads of state and government reaffirm their determination to consolidate the principles of democracy, good governance, peace and safety..." he said.

Ivorian leader Alassane Ouattara told the summit that the fight against terrorism in the vast Sahel region abutting the southern Sahara desert was not over, calling on west African nations to "remain at the side of the Malian people".

Guinea-Bissau, where Ecowas also has troops, was another source of concern for the west African leaders.

After a military coup in 2012, a caretaker regime is due to hold presidential and parliamentary elections on 24 November and speakers in Dakar voiced their hopes for a "happy ending" to the nation's transition to democracy.

The leaders also agreed a series of recommendations paving the way towards a single currency zone, the establishment of a single customs area within Ecowas territory and signing off on deals to strengthen trade links with the European Union.

Founded in 1975, Ecowas groups around 300 million people in eight French-speaking and five anglophone countries as well as two where Portuguese is the official language.

Eight mostly francophone states that make up the West African Economic and Monetary Union, better known by its French acronym UEMOA, use the CFA franc which is pegged to the euro.

The remaining countries - including English-speaking Nigeria which is the continent's most populous nation with nearly 175 million people - have their own currencies.

West Africa hopes to see a common currency for these seven nations by 2015, with the ultimate goal being merger with the UEMOA states and a single monetary zone in Ecowas by 2020.



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