New York - The unprecedented deployment of an unarmed
surveillance drone by the UN peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo
has been delayed several months due to procurement procedures, the United Nations
peacekeeping chief said on Thursday.
The United Nations has procured an unarmed surveillance
drone from Italian defence electronics firm Selex ES, a unit of Finmeccanica,
that was due to be deployed in the volatile eastern DRC during August.
"There has been some delay much to my chagrin but these
have to do with the rules that member states have made upon us as far as
procurement is concerned," peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous told a news
conference. "Now the goal is definitely for the first days of
It will be the first time the United Nations has used such
equipment and, if the trial surveillance use by peacekeepers in eastern Congo
is successful, officials and diplomats also hope the drones could be used by
missions in Ivory Coast and South Sudan.
Thick forests, rugged terrain and the scarcity of roads on DRC’s
eastern border with Rwanda and Uganda have complicated efforts by the UN
peacekeeping force, known as Monusco, to control the resource-rich area.
DRC and the UN peacekeepers have been battling an insurgency
by M23 rebels for more than a year. The UN experts have accused Rwanda of
sending troops and weapons across the border to support the M23. Rwanda denies
Fighting in eastern DRC between rebels and Congolese troops,
supported by peacekeepers, flared up again last month.
"It was a bit worrying two weeks ago but I think we are
making progress," Ladsous said on Thursday.
"The M23 group has been pushed back towards to the
north to such a place that it does not anymore pose the direct threat that it
had posed for such a long time either on the city of Goma or on the surrounding
IDP [internally displace people] camps or indeed on the positions of Monusco,"
Ladsous said on Thursday a 3 000-strong UN intervention
brigade - with a tough new mandate to protect civilians and neutralize armed
groups in DRC - was still "working to reach its established levels of
staffing and equipment."
Rwanda accused DRC of persistently shelling into its
territory during the renewed clashes last month, saying such a
"provocation" could no longer be tolerated. But the UN officials told
the UN Security Council that peacekeepers had seen only M23 rebels shelling
Regional presidents last week called on Kinshasa and the
rebels to restart negotiations after the army, backed by UN troops, bolstered
the government's position with rare military successes in recent fighting.
The M23 said on Sunday it was ready to return to peace talks
and would not make integration into the national army, which has not proved
successful in the past, part of the deal.
The UN special envoy to the Great Lakes region, Mary
Robinson, told the UN Security Council on Thursday during a closed door
briefing that the UN position was that there should be no amnesty or
integration into the Congolese army for M23 members who have violated human
rights, diplomats said.
Robinson also called on the council to urge the presidents
of DRC, Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi to meet on the sidelines of the UN General
Assembly later this month to build regional co-operation.