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France seeks UN mandate to use force in CAR

26 November 2013, 08:45

New York - France, which plans to send hundreds of extra soldiers to Central African Republic, on Monday proposed a UN Security Council resolution authorizing international troops to use force to end mounting chaos.

As calls mount to head off what some UN officials call a genocide risk, the resolution, which would also impose an arms embargo on the strife-torn country, could be passed by the 15-member Security Council next week.

Central African Republic Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye said after talks in Paris that France's Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius had talked of adding 800 troops to the 410 French soldiers already based in the capital, Bangui.

Tiangaye said "serious war crimes" are being committed in his country where rebels forced President Francois Bozize to flee in March. A transitional government has since lost control of the country of 4.5 million people.

French officials had already spoken of increasing troop numbers in Central African Republic, but France's foreign ministry would not confirm the figures given by Tiangaye.

France, which has joined the genocide warnings also made by the United States and the UN, circulated a draft Security Council which expresses deep concern at the "total breakdown in law and order" and "inter-sectarian tensions".

Arms and ammunition

Raids by Seleka rebels who forced Bozize to escape the country have degenerated into battles between Muslim and Christian groups and militias. The country is majority Christian while Seleka is dominated by Muslims.

The resolution, obtained by AFP, aims to strengthen an African stabilisation force in Central African Republic as a first step toward turning it into a formal UN peacekeeping force.

The resolution would allow African and French troops to use "all necessary measures" under Chapter VII of the UN Charter to protect civilians in Central African Republic. Chapter VII can give legal backing to the use of force.

The resolution would also impose an embargo on all types of arms and ammunition against Central African Republic.

It would allow for a special committee to order sanctions against any individual who holds up moves toward elections due in just over a year or is found to be committing human rights abuses.

An African force, officially known as MISCA, currently has about 2 500 troops, which should increase to about 3,600 when it is taken over by the African Union in December.

But UN officials and experts say the force is not big enough.

The UN leader Ban Ki-moon has said up to 9 000 peacekeepers could be needed in Central African Republic.

Possible financial support

The draft resolution would order Ban to draw up a report in three months on whether a UN force is needed.

In a heady spiral into anarchy since the Seleka rebel coalition overthrew Bozize, the UN and aid workers say whole villages have been burned down and rapes, torture and indiscriminate killing have become the norm.

The UN Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson called for the Security Council to act quickly on the crisis.

Eliasson said Central African Republic is "becoming a breeding ground for extremists and armed groups in a region that is already suffering from conflict".

"A country in the heart of Africa is descending into complete chaos before our eyes," Eliasson told the 15-member council. "The situation requires prompt and decisive action."

Ban Ki-moon has suggested possible financial support for MISCA while also proposing that it become a full UN peacekeeping mission.

Diplomats expect the UN mission to be created early in 2014.



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