Abidjan - A bid to reconcile hardened enemies in Ivory Coast
has all but broken down, according to participants and observers, and time is
running out for a commission set up to heal the wounds of bitter strife.
More than two years after a political and military crisis
that claimed at least 3 000 lives in the west African country in the wake of
disputed elections, statements by rival sides reveal their deep differences.
Yet the word "reconciliation" is still on many
lips in political circles. Supporters of President Alassane Ouattara make it an
article of faith. So do members of the opposition Ivorian Popular Front (FPI)
of former president Laurent Gbagbo, who triggered the crisis by refusing to
accept defeat at the polls in November 2010.
In an early July tour of the cocoa-rich north, his electoral
stronghold, Ouattara urged the FPI to "ask pardon of the victims" of the
bloodshed, which lasted from December 2010 to April 2011 in a country already
weakened by civil war and partition.
The FPI this week curtly rejected the call to
"repent". Many in the party still consider Gbagbo their champion,
though he is detained by the International Criminal Court in The Hague facing
charges of crimes against humanity. His supporters argue that Ouattara's side
was to blame for the post-electoral violence.
Created by Ouattara in September 2011, a national Dialogue,
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CDVR) with a two-year mandate has
endeavoured to resolve differences and has joined in the debate.
"In what happened to Ivory Coast, the wrongs are
shared," said the commission chairperson, former prime minister Charles
Konan Banny, closing a forum last week on the "profound causes" of a
decade of hostilities.
"It's up to all those who committed violations of human
rights to acknowledge them and make an act of repentance," he added, but
the commission has less than three months to complete an enormous task.
Banny has indicated that he might ask for an extension of
the commission's mandate. "A time limit [is] not the best" of
solutions, he told AFP, suggesting that two years are not enough for the work
to be done.
Asked whether he would take up his post again if the mandate
is prolonged, Banny evades the question. In political circles, many are
speculating that the ex-premier might want to take up another challenge: the
presidential election of 2015.
According to these observers, Banny may try to take control
of his political party, the once all-powerful Democratic Party of Ivory Coast
(PDCI), which has now become the main ally of Ouattara's Rally of Republicans
(RDR). The PDCI's leading bodies are due for renewal in October.
"A great national
Now that the reconciliation commission is nearing the end of
its mandate, politicians, diplomats, observers and non-governmental
organisations are taking stock of its record, often with great severity.
"The CDVR is at a dead end," says Rene Legre
Hokou, the chairman of the Ivorian League of Human Rights, (LIDHO), arguing
that the panel has kept a low profile and shown few concrete results.
The commission has for months promised public hearings
across the country in which the "executioners" would directly
confront their "victims", but they have yet to begin. Many Ivorians
eagerly await what Banny has termed a "great national catharsis".
Under fire from its critics, some members of the panel
complain of a lack of sufficient financial resources and also argue that their
task is being complicated by political and legal interference.
In the most recent episode they cite, 84 people who were
part of Gbagbo's regime or close to it, including former first lady Simone
Gbagbo, have been summoned before an assize court to answer for their suspected
roles in the crisis of 2010-2011. However, the date for the hearing has not yet
While for Ouattara, there can be no reconciliation without
justice, Gbagbo supporters see the latest move by the judiciary as a new
illustration of "conqueror's justice". Ivorian prosecutors have so
far taken no steps to deal with serious crimes blamed on pro-Ouattara forces
during the crisis.
Scant grounds exist for a resumption of talks between the
government and the opposition FPI, which have been stalled for months. Yet such
dialogue is essential to pave the way for the presidential election in two
years' time, with Ouattara already a candidate.
CDVR member Simeon Ahouana, the bishop of the central town
of Bouake - long the stronghold of rebels involved in a 2002 coup bid against
Gbagbo - has annnounced that he has "concerns" about the forthcoming
LIDHO's chairperson Hokou is more blunt. In his eyes, if
there is no progress in reconciliation by 2015, "we must fear that we'll
fall back into even worse violence".