Cairo - At least 2 000 Islamist supporters of deposed
Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi marched through downtown Cairo on Monday
calling for his reinstatement and denouncing the army general who led his
The protest took place as international envoys spoke to
leaders of both sides of the crisis in the search for a political solution and
avert further bloodshed.
Marchers chanted "Morsi, Morsi" and "We are
not terrorists", and waved pictures of the ousted leader.
Others sprayed graffiti on walls and statues insulting army
chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who led the overthrow of Morsi on 3 July following mass protests against his presidency.
Security forces made no immediate attempt to disperse the
protesters, who marched 10 abreast, stretching several blocks.
The march showed that tension was still running dangerously
high in Egypt more than a month after Morsi's removal, despite the
international efforts to mediate a peaceful settlement.
Mursi became Egypt's first freely-elected president in June
2012, 16 months after the overthrow of strongman Hosni Mubarak, who had ruled
for nearly 30 years.
But fears that he was trying to establish a new Islamist
autocracy coupled with a failure to ease economic hardships afflicting most of
its 84 million people led to huge street demonstrations on 30 June, triggering
the army move.
In the early hours of Monday, the envoys visited a
high-ranking member of Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood in jail, the crisis, the
state news agency MENA reported.
Mena said they talked with deputy Brotherhood leader Khairat
El-Shater at Tora prison, south of Cairo, but it gave no further details. The
US embassy declined to confirm or deny the meeting.
Shater is deputy leader of the group that propelled Morsi to
office last year. Seen as the Brotherhood's political strategist, he was
arrested after Morsi’s downfall on charges of inciting violence.
The international mediation effort has so far helped to contain
conflict between Morsi’s Islamist backers and the security forces.
Thousands of Morsi supporters remain camped out in two Cairo
sit-ins, which the government has declared a threat to national security and
pledged to disperse.
The army-backed interim government said on Sunday it would
give mediation a chance but warned that time was limited.
Al Masry Al Youm, a privately owned newspaper, said Shater
was visited by a delegation including US Deputy Secretary of State William
Burns and European Union envoy Bernardino Leon.
Shater told the envoys he would only hold talks with them in
the presence of Morsi because he was "the legitimate president", the
newspaper reported on its website, citing a senior security source.
The diplomats were accompanied by members of the armed
forces during the visit, which the report said was focused on ways to end the
The authorities say the Brotherhood has incited violence,
accusing it of engaging in terrorism - a charge the movement denies as it
grapples with one of the toughest moments in its 85-year history.
The crisis has left Egypt, the Arab world's biggest nation,
more dangerously divided than at any point since the downfall of US-backed
strongman Hosni Mubarak in 2011 and raised questions over the future of its
Trial for Shater?
The military has laid out a plan that could see a new head
of state elected in roughly nine months. The Brotherhood, an Islamist movement
that spent decades in the shadows before Mubarak's downfall, says it wants
nothing to do with the plan.
However, diplomats say the group knows Morsi will not return
as president and wants a face-saving legal formula for him to step down that
guarantees it a stake in the political future.
Almost 300 people have been killed in political violence
since Morsi’s overthrow, including 80 shot dead by security forces in a single
incident on July 27. Much of the Brotherhood's leadership is in custody.
On Sunday, a Cairo court announced that the top leader of
the Brotherhood and two other officials including Shater would go on trial in
three weeks' time for crimes including incitement to murder during protests in
the days before Morsi was toppled.
That could complicate efforts to launch a political process,
encourage national reconciliation and avert further bloodshed.