Addis Ababa - South Sudan has urged the African Union to
help resolve a bitter dispute with former civil war foes Sudan, after Khartoum
ordered oil pipelines to be shut and accusing Juba of backing rebels.
"Our president and the government of South Sudan is
calling on the African Union to intervene," Juba's lead negotiator Pagan
Amum told reporters, speaking after meetings at AU headquarters in the
Sudan formally told oil companies on Tuesday to block
exports of South Sudanese crude within 60 days, following an order from
President Omar al-Bashir.
"As we speak the oil is flowing, what Sudan has made so
far is a threat," Amum said, adding Juba is ready to meet with Khartoum's
officials at any time to break the deadlock.
If the blockade in enforced "it will reverse all the
gains and it will take the two countries back to war," he added.
Despite ordering an oil shutdown, Khartoum has said it
remains committed to good relations if South Sudan ends what Khartoum claims is
support for rebels on Sudanese soil.
Both countries have traded accusations of supporting rebels
in each other's territories since Juba gained independence in 2011, and each
rejects the accusations.
Amum accused Khartoum of violating a previous AU-mediated
agreement that established a committee to receive complaints about rebel
Relations have been tense between the nations since they
agreed detailed timetables in March to implement nine agreements including on
security, oil, borders and trade.
AU's top negotiator Thabo Mbeki has made "urgent
proposals" to both sides, after officials met separately with Amum and
Sudan's Foreign Minister Ali Ahmed Karti, AU officials have said.
The proposals include having the AU "play a much more
proactive role" in the implementation of the agreements, Amum said,
without giving further details.
South Sudan became independent two years ago under a peace
deal that ended a 1983-2005 civil war.
It separated with most of the old Sudan's 470 000 barrels
per day of oil production, but the export infrastructure remains under northern