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South Sudan rivals are warmongers

10 June 2014, 21:37

Addis Ababa - Mediators trying to broker a peace deal for South Sudan issued a stinging rebuke Tuesday of the country's warring factions, accusing them of seeking military victory rather than a negotiated end to the civil war.

Mahboub Maalim, executive secretary of the East African IGAD bloc that is brokering the talks due to resume Tuesday, said both South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar were "stupid" if they thought they could win on the battlefield.

The comments came before Kiir and Machar, whose forces have been fighting it out for six months, were scheduled to hold a rare face-to-face meeting in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

"Nobody else is to blame other than the parties themselves," Maalim told AFP.

"If we want to apportion blame it's theirs, I think sometimes they thought they could win on the ground militarily, something which is very stupid."

Kiir and Machar are expected to meet Tuesday, their first encounter in a month and only the second since the civil war began in mid-December. Previous rounds of peace talks, however, have been repeatedly delayed.

Delegates from both sides have been meeting in luxury hotels in the Ethiopian capital since January, but little or no progress has been made, with both sides bickering over the agenda and even the venue of discussions.

A ceasefire deal signed by Kiir and Machar on 9 May has been repeatedly violated, deepening the crisis in the young nation which has already killed thousands and forced more than 1.3 million people from their homes.

But rebels blamed Kiir for negotiating in bad faith, and shed doubt on a meeting between him and Machar.

Catastrophic situation

"We will see if there is a change of heart from Kiir," rebel spokesperson Hussein Mar told AFP.

Both Kiir and Machar are scheduled to meet individually with mediators before facing each other, while regional presidents were also due in Addis Ababa for talks, with the crisis in South Sudan top of their agenda.

Ethiopian Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom said both sides were guilty of ceasefire violations.

"The security situation is in a fragile state... if this dire situation in this young nation is not addressed urgently, it's inevitable that it will cause an untold catastrophic situation," he told reporters.

Maalim said the latest round of talks will deal with concrete issues including addressing violations of the ceasefire and ensuring humanitarian access, and that regional mediators would be taking a far tougher line.

"It will be much more tangible, much more concrete, and... much tougher than it has been," he said. "This is something that must come to an end, there is no two ways about it."



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