Maputo - Mozambique has begun registering voters for
upcoming polls amid heightened political tension, with the main opposition
Renamo threatening a boycott after its feud with the Frelimo-led government
descended into violence.
The southern African nation will hold local elections in
November and use the same voters' roll in general polls next year.
Technical glitches like broken computers and ink shortages
marked the kick-off of registrations last weekend.
But Renamo's almost complete withdrawal from the political
process has raised concerns as its eight-month spat with Frelimo led to deadly
clashes with police.
While would-be voters trickled into registration stations,
the former rebel movement launched another blistering verbal attack on its
civil war foe Frelimo.
"The party is tired, old and out of ideas. It has
become dangerous," Renamo spokesperson Fernando Mazanga told reporters in
the capital Maputo.
The opposition party - which won 16.5% of the vote in 2009 -
has demanded more representation in election bodies and the armed forces before
the next elections.
It also wants a cut of coal and natural gas revenues as
Mozambique gears up to become a continental natural resource giant.
Its call to renegotiate 1992 peace terms that ended a
16-year-long civil war has heightened already-tense relations with the
In April tensions over the issue spilled into violent
conflict in central Sofala province which left five policemen and three
Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama set up a training base in the
province's Gorongosa mountains last year.
Many recruits were aged civil war veterans, and mostly from
the anti-Frelimo northern parts of the vast country.
Last Friday Renamo claimed it wounded 17 members of the
elite police Rapid Intervention Force during a clash near its base.
The government said a policeman touched off the clash when
he accidentally fired a shot while trying to disarm Renamo fighters.
But the former rebels accuse Frelimo of an assassination
plot against Dhlakama, their leader since the civil war who has failed four
times to win elections.
"The situation could deteriorate at any moment, given
the huge presence of men from the intervention force in the area," Renamo spokesperson
Fernando Mazanga told AFP.
"Any misunderstanding could result in combat," he
The war-time adversaries are now holding weekly meetings to
resolve their differences ahead of the vote and Renamo has given its team 30
days to reach an agreement.
The party could still change its mind about the upcoming
poll, said Mazanga.
"Where there is a political will, everything is
possible," he told AFP.
Yet it seems the government's chief negotiator, Agriculture
Minister Jose Pacheco, has a difficult task to orchestrate a positive outcome.
"Pacheco wants Renamo back in the election system but I
don't know what he can possibly offer," said Joseph Hanlon, Mozambique
analyst and lecturer at the UK's Open University.
Renamo's demand for greater participation in the electoral
process is almost impossible to achieve, he added.
"They need to do something over the next month or two
before they have to start putting forward candidates."
And the party's boycott tactics aren't new.
Renamo refused to nominate members to the election
commission and also didn't run in municipal by-elections in 2011.
Renamo lawmakers leave parliament whenever President Armando
Guebuza speaks there.
Despite the tensions, ordinary Mozambicans brush off
Renamo's threats to disrupt the vote as political tactics.
"I think they will participate in the end," said
Olga Kavele while queueing for voter registration.
"They always do this kind of thing in order to
influence Frelimo," she said.
"War-mongering" between the two main political
parties meant few people turn up for elections, Kavele added.
Only 44% of registered voters participated in the
2009-polls, where Frelimo won three quarters of votes cast.
"Whenever elections come there are these types of
conflicts. We are used to it. People prefer to stay at home and not elect
them," said Kavele.
A possible boycott may play in favour of a new party, the
Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM).
Started by Renamo defectors months before the 2009 vote, the
MDM party won 8.6% of the vote and now holds mayorships in two northern cities.
Registration is expected to take four weeks.