Tunis - Tunisia's ruling Islamists and opposition were to
begin hard-won negotiations on Wednesday to end months of political deadlock,
with Prime Minister Ali Larayedh expected to announce his government's
Ahead of the long-awaited national dialogue, which mediators
hope will mark a crucial step in the country's democratic transition, rival
protests are planned in the capital's central Habib Bourguiba Avenue, epicentre
of the January 2011 revolution.
A coalition of secular opposition parties has called a
demonstration early afternoon to demand the immediate departure of the
government led by ruling Islamist party Ennahda, which it accuses of clinging
Separately, the League for the Protection of the Revolution,
a controversial pro-government militia, has urged supporters of Tunisia's first
freely-elected government to defend its "legitimacy," raising fears
Police from dawn deployed along the central Tunis boulevard
and partially blocked traffic.
Before the national dialogue begins, Larayedh is due to
convene an extraordinary cabinet meeting and will make a statement afterwards,
at around 1330 GMT, his office said.
Parliament speaker Mustapha Ben Jaafar said he expected the
prime minister to announce his commitment to resign, allowing negotiations
between Tunisia's bitterly divided factions to end the political paralysis
gripping the country since the July killing of opposition MP Mohamed Brahmi.
"In principle, the government will announce its
commitment to respecting the roadmap and its resignation within a few
weeks," he said in a televised interview on Tuesday evening.
Larayedh has previously stated that he would step down only
once a new constitution has been adopted, in line with the roadmap drawn up by
mediators and agreed to earlier this month by his ruling Islamist party
At least 60 opposition MPs who have been boycotting
parliament since the political crisis erupted, also said they had received
assurances the national dialogue would begin with the government announcing its
According to the political roadmap, the talks will lead
within three weeks to the formation of a new caretaker cabinet of technocrats.
Negotiators will also have one month to adopt a new
constitution, electoral laws and a timetable for fresh elections, key
milestones in the democratic transition which has effectively been blocked by
wrangling between the Islamists, their coalition allies and the opposition.
Wednesday's planned dialogue comes exactly two years after
the election of the National Constituent Assembly, which followed the uprising that
toppled veteran strongman Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and brought Ennahda to power.
The Islamists were heavily repressed under the Ben Ali
Since triumphing in the parliamentary elections in October
2011, they have been weakened by accusations that they have failed to fix
Tunisia's lacklustre economy and prevent attacks by Islamist militants.
After three months of political uncertainty, unkept promises
and a false start to the national dialogue on 5 October, the Tunisian press has
grown increasingly critical of the ruling elite and sceptical of efforts to end
"A national dialogue starts on the day of a symbolic
anniversary. But it has been compromised by the prevalence of suspicion,
deceitful language and ambiguity," Le Temps said in an editorial on
For Le Quotidien, another daily, "The moment of truth
is approaching with giant steps" for Tunisia, which risks turning towards
"a future still more uncertain and chaotic".
The opposition has repeatedly criticised the Ennahda-led
coalition government for failing to stem a rise in jihadist violence that
Tunisia has witnessed since Ben Ali's overthrow, with extremists blamed for the
murder of Brahmi and another opposition MP in February.
The Islamists reject the accusations, pointing to a massive
military campaign launched against jihadist groups in recent months, which saw
nine suspected militants killed west of the capital last week in response to an
attack which left two policemen dead.