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US wades into Egypt turmoil

03 July 2013, 08:32

Washington - Fearing a political-military implosion that could throw its most important Arab ally into chaos, the US has abandoned its hands-off approach.

They have delivered pointed warnings to the three main players in the crisis: Muslim Brotherhood President Mohammed Morsi, protesters demanding his ouster and the powerful Egyptian military.

US officials said on Tuesday they are urging Morsi to take immediate steps to address opposition grievances, telling the protesters to remain peaceful and reminding the army that a coup could have consequences for the massive American military aid package it currently receives.

The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak publicly about the delicate diplomacy that is aimed at calming the unrest and protecting Egypt's status as a bulwark of Mideast stability.

The officials said Washington has stopped short of demanding that Morsi take specific steps, but has instead offered strong suggestions, backed by billions of dollars in US aid, about what he should do to ease the tensions. 

Those include calling early elections, firing an unpopular prosecutor and expressing a willingness to explore constitutional change. The army has been told that the $1.3bn in foreign military financing it receives each year from Washington could be jeopardised by a coup or the appearance of a coup.

Obama called Morsi

President Barack Obama personally delivered the message to Morsi in a phone call late on Monday from Tanzania where he was wrapping up a trip to Africa, the officials said.

Around the same time, General Martin Dempsey, chairperson of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, called his Egyptian counterpart to point out that US law requires cuts in military assistance in most cases when a country's armed forces are involved in an unconstitutional change in government, the officials said.

Meanwhile, diplomats at the US Embassy in Cairo have been speaking with the opposition, the officials said.

In their conversation, Obama "encouraged President Morsi to take steps to show that he is responsive to [opposition] concerns, and underscored that the current crisis can only be resolved through a political process", the White House said in a statement released before the president left Tanzania.

As Obama flew back to Washington, some of his top national security advisers were meeting at the White House on Tuesday to plot a way forward. The conclusions of the so-called "deputies committee" meeting were not immediately clear.

The committee usually meets to prepare policy options for the president and his Cabinet, which gather in what are known as "Principals Committee" meetings.

Counselling behind the scenes

Pentagon spokesperson George Little would not say whether the US has received any commitment from the Egyptian military to provide security for any Americans at the embassy in the event of riots or a coup.

Asked whether the US would cut off military relations with Egypt if the military takes control of the government, Little said that he would not speculate on legal conclusions. But, he added that generally, "there are consequences that can flow from such political developments".

The administration had tried to remain above Egypt's political fray, quietly counselling all sides to cooperate and compromise for the good of the country and the broader region.

But officials said they determined that the low-key approach was no longer tenable after all sides hardened their positions on Monday. First, the army gave Morsi a 48-hour deadline to take action or face military intervention.

That emboldened the protestors demanding Morsi's immediate departure, while the president himself dug in his heels and rejected the ultimatum.

Those developments prompted Obama's and Dempsey's calls to Cairo as well as a subtle shift in the administration's language, the officials said.

Where previous statements had stressed Morsi's position as Egypt's first democratically elected leader, the emphasis is now on the importance of the democratic process and respecting the principles of the revolution that led to strongman Hosni Mubarak's toppling in 2011.

Obama told Morsi in their phone call that "the United States is committed to the democratic process in Egypt and does not support any single party or group", the White House said on Monday.

"He stressed that democracy is about more than elections; it is also about ensuring that the voices of all Egyptians are heard and represented by their government, including the many Egyptians demonstrating throughout the country."

- AP


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