Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.


Excessive eating at night points to mental issues

25 February 2014, 11:50

Abuja - A fairly rare eating disorder whose signature is excessive eating – though not necessarily binging – at night needs further study since it may signal other mental health issues, researchers say.

They analysed eating disorders and mental health history in more than 1 600 university students and found about 4% met night eating disorder criteria, with about a third of those also engaging in binge eating. "Night eating syndrome is characterized not only by eating at night – certainly many college students might have a late night study fest with eating – but it's also characterized by other things, like feeling that you can't eat in the morning, and feeling like you have to eat in order to go back to sleep," Dr Rebecka Peebles told Reuters Health.

Night eating vs. binge eating

Peebles, the study's senior author, is an attending physician at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and a researcher in the department of Paediatrics at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. "Our study helped extend findings of previous studies that have not been controlling for binge eating," Peebles said.

"We know that binge eating and night eating have a pretty moderate overlap so a lot of people who come into the clinic for night eating often have binge eating. We think night eating is something to be aware of even though it only occurs in just under 3% of the students after controlling for binge eating, so it's still a pretty important entity," Peebles said.

Distinguishing night eating from binge eating is important, Peebles and her colleagues write in the Journal of Adolescent Health, for several reasons. Night eating may require a different treatment approach than other eating disorders, which could also be present.

Night eating was also more common in students with a history of anorexia nervosa and in students taking ADHD medications, they report, so those other disorders may play a role in the nighttime eating syndrome.

'Grazing' rather than binging

Night eating disorder is a distinct diagnosis in the newest psychiatric Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), the researchers note.

The syndrome is often characterised by increased appetite at night, but usually takes the form of "grazing" on food all evening, rather than intensive binging, and also may include waking up in the night to eat.

Often the urge to eat is tied to the feeling it that it will improve sleep or allow the person to get back to sleep.

The authors said that young adults tend to eat more at night and college students who are stressed and have inconsistent sleep patterns may be at risk for night eating. But most previous research on the subject has been limited to small groups and has failed to adjust for the overlap of binge eating disorder among night eaters.

To get a sense of how common night eating disorder is and what other traits or risk factors go along with it, the researchers analysed data from a large 2008 survey of students in 10 US universities.

Loss of control

A total of 1 636 students were included in the new analysis. About 60% were young women and 74% were white. About 60% of the students were also competitive athletes.

The online survey included information on height and weight, plus four questionnaires focused on night eating, eating disorders in general and health-related quality of life. Scores on the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) were used to diagnose night eating disorder.

Binge eating was also measured by students' reports of details such as a feeling of loss of control over eating. Recurrent binge eating was defined as binge eating large amounts of food at least four times during the previous month.

A total of 67 respondents (4.2%) met the criteria for night eating syndrome. They were also more likely than other students to have other eating-disorder behaviours such as excessive laxative use, compulsive exercise and purging, as well as lower quality of life. Another 222 students (14%) appeared to be binge eaters.

Of the 67 students with night eating syndrome, 22 were also binge eaters. Excluding the binge eaters from the group of students with night eating syndrome reduced the prevalence of night eating to 2.9%.

Eating throughout the night

 A history of depression and self-injuring was more common among those with night eating disorder. "I think it's important to know that it affects both men and women and also all races and ethnicities," Cristin Runfola told Reuters Health.

Runfola, a researcher with the University of North Carolina Centre for Excellence for Eating Disorders, led the study. The study showed that night eating syndrome was also associated with other eating disorder behaviours that could lead to serious physical and psychological consequences, she said.

It's important that people with night eating syndrome get help, Runfola said, adding that parents and friends can spot signs of night eating in young adults. "You might see fluctuations in weight or you might notice food missing in the house," she said. "Often these people are eating throughout the night," she added.

"They might even be waking up and feeding multiple times throughout the night, so if you're frequently hearing that someone's getting out of bed throughout the night and you're noticing that food is missing there might be something going on."

- Reuters

For the latest on national news, politics, sport, entertainment and more follow us on Twitter and like our Facebook page!

- Health24


Read News24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Read more from our Users

Nigeria @ 56: Words to my green f...

A leader’s job is not to dictate, but rather to be respected, admired and be a trustee, of the land we love, with so much potential, a land which should be freer than free. Its still a long way to fufilling our destiny! Read more...

Submitted by
Isaac Asabor263
Recession: An opportunity for Nig...

The recession should be seen as an opportunity for the country’s promotion as long as we all collectively conduct ourselves in a patriotic manner, writes Isaac Asabor.  Read more...

Submitted by
Black and White

We want to imitate the whites in everything because we are ignorant of our inherent originality and content. We spend all our Naira to acquire his inventions because we so oblivious of our natural endowments that we allow him have it for free. Read more...

Submitted by
Nate Nat
Adamawa State University Mubi: A ...

ADSU integrity forum has accused the Sunday Joshua Wugira, a lawyer, of adopting unorthodox tactics by abusing his privilege by attacking the integrity of ADSU Vice Chancellor Dr. Moses Zira Zaruwa, writes a News24 reader. Read more...

Submitted by
Abdulsalam Jubril
My Country Nigeria (Part One)

Poetry by Abdulsalam Jubril.

Submitted by
Abdulsalam Jubril
Recession, dearth in leadership a...

Every leader has the opportunity to become great and making himself immortal in the lives and hearts of people for generations to come. Will Mr. President seize this opportunity?, questions Abdulsalam Jubril. Read more...