Most of the problems we are facing today in our society are a result of poor family planning resulting to rapid rate of population growth, such that the human needs become so hard to be met in such speedy rang of time. In the rich, developed nations of the world the population growth rate has diminish as women and men have chosen to have fewer children and also by using birth control methods, they are now able to have smaller families that they can cater for.
Unlike in most of the poor and under-developed nations, like ours (Nigeria), the birth rate remains high, only a few couples limit the size of their family. This is because children are seen as valuable assets in society like ours where social welfare measures are few and provisions for old age is almost impossible due to high rate of poverty. Children are esteemed as they demonstrate masculinity and are seen as useful extra hands in rural communities where activities such as farming, fishing, hunting and trade are their main source of livelihood.
Many men based their reasons of bearing many children on these ideologies, but we all know that if children are spaced so that an interval of between two and three years separates each birth the health and welfare of each child, as well as the mother will be of much better standard. It is quite clear based on survey that, women in this kind of society wants fewer children than they actually have.
In recent times, for one reason or another, women are beginning to realise that they need no longer be condemned to a life of constant childbearing and childrearing but are increasingly able to choose how many or how few the children they want to have. Their choice or methods may be to prolong breast-feeding thereby reducing the chance of another pregnancy, or the use of contraceptives which effectively prevent a new pregnancy from occurring, or by having an abortion which ends a new pregnancy; But apparently it is much better to prevent a pregnancy than to terminate it due to health reasons and on social grounds, also many religions forbids it.
Family planning is available to help individuals and couples to choose if and when they will have a child, or to choose the number of children that they will have (family limitation). The choices depends on a complicated mixture of social, cultural and psychological influences; and today, thank God men and women have reliable methods to enable them to make that choice freely and relatively easily. thanks to many public enlightenment programmes and other educative steps taking over the years to show how necessary birth control and family planning is to our family life and the world in general.
I believe if our society see this as important as it is, in time we will live in a more controlled and organised society where our basic needs can be met.
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