Disease (EVD) which first appeared in 1976 in Nzara, Sudan and Yambuku,
Democratic Republic of Congo, a village situated near the Ebola river, from
which the disease takes its name. EVD formerly known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
(EHF) is a severe, often total illness in humans, the virus is primarily transmitted
to people from animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human
transmissions, It is often characterized by sudden onset of fever, intense
weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting,
diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function. In some cases, both
internal and external bleeding.
be contracted through close contacts with the organs, bloods, secretions or
other bodily fluids of infected animals, It then spreads in the community
through human-to-human transmission, with infection resulting from direct
contact with blood, secretion, organ or other bodily fluid of infected people
and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids. Burial
ceremonies in which mourners have direct contacts with the body of the diseased
person who was killed by EVD can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola.
People who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through
their semen for up to eight (8) weeks after recovery from illness. In fact, health workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with
suspected or confirmed EVD, this has occurred through close contacts with
patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced like we
have seen in the case of the Liberian in which some medical practitioners have
contracted the virus.
Also Read: Ebola health workers battle death, heat, rumors
to generally circulated believe that people could contract EVD through
consumption of bush meats, the natural host of Ebola virus is majorly fruit
bats, chimpanzees, apes, pigs, gorillas, monkeys, forest antelopes and
porcupines so special precautions should therefore be taken against contact
with these animals, their meat, blood and milk.
can only be contracted through closed bodily contacts and with the fluids
(saliva, semen, breast milk, blood and sweat) of a person who is already
obviously physically sick from EVD. It is also untrue that people could
contract EVD through hand shake as widely believed and warned even among literates
and medical personnel. All hands must therefore be put on deck to ensure that
our land borders, airports and seaports are properly policed by security agents
and well trained medical personnel with the aim of ensuring that new cases are
not allowed into the country, as we make frantic efforts to manage the cases we
already have effectively
Disclaimer: All articles and letters published on MyNews24 have been independently written by members of News24's community. The views of users published on News24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of News24. News24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.