Man's right lies in his confidence and personality which is greatly nutured by his culture. Enugu ezike is a society with abundant rich cultural heritage observed within various communities and hamlets.
These cultural heritages includes dialect, marriage rites , burial rites , birth rites , dressing, greeting, music, folktale, religion and other tangible cultural monuments, some of these cultures have died due to western cultural influence. Because of globalisation and diffusion of culture, our cultural heritage is now in jeopardy.
Culture according to Scheafor (2002) refers to the totality of learned, socially transmitted custom, knowledge, material affects and behaviour. It includes the ideas, value, customs, and artifacts of a group of people.
Culture is a pattern of human activities and the symbols that signifies various activities of man in a particular ecosystem. It is what people eat , how they dress , beliefs they hold and activities they engage in, it is the totality of the way of life evolved by people in their attempts to meet the challenges of living in their environment, which gives order and meaning to their social, political, economic, aesthetic and religious norms and motto of organisation thus distinguishing people from their Neighbour.
NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF GLOBALISATION ON OUR CULTURAL HERITAGE.
The process of expanding culture has been under way for many centuries, but technologies have increased the speed and have also broadened the distribution of cultural element beyond communities and nations territorial frontiers. However , culture can be transmitted or acquired through information or symbol.
Cultural identity is those attributes, behavioural patterns , lifestyle, social structures and norms that distinguish a people from other (omekwu 2003). These are passed on laterally or inherited from one generation to another (cultural heritage ) or horizontally passed on from one society to another through such agent as globalisation.
Man is essentially the product of his culture. It beats and molds a person into a particular shape. Enugu ezike which is made up of rich and diverse cultural values is beginning to lose many of her cultural ideals especially through the adaptation of foreign culture showcased through the mass media and socio-economic interaction. Nowadays, it is observed that our young men and women have abandoned our local attires such as the ankara or locally made and designed clothes for the alien attires.
It is common to see young people walking the streets half nude putting on micro - mini skirts , handles top, sagging trousers and shorts displaying dirty boxers etc all at the detriment of our cultural attires. Among the womenfolk it is quite unfortunate, "Njorupko anaa-eg eru abada " these days women rarely put on those attire that gives respect and dignity and resort to wearing npkucha meant for girls and single ladies. This npkucha most often is sown skimpy which reveals greater part of the body and not giving respect to a married woman. Unfortunately "ihe-nyee ad kwag ne omenal anyi, these pattern of dressing is alien as in Ezike every gender and age has a peculiar dress code. We go on copying! Can't we promote our rich cultural and traditional outfits so that our local industries can boom? Even in churches you observe married women battling to cover their nakedness thereby drawing attention to their nakedness all in a bid to be trendy , quite a pity.
This immoral dressing and nudity observed these days have also accessioned rapid rate of sexual harassment among students and lecturers in the tertiary institutions as well as bosses and their employees in the office. This recklessness in dressing amongst of ladies induces incidence of rape in our society, all in the name of copying western fashions. Further, western influence has also made the people of Enugu ezike to abandon their local food delicacies. The kinds of food we eat are mainly western, imagine our people taking indomie and all sorts of noodles. Our local foods that are full of balanced ingredients have been jettisoned, to junk and non nutritious menu.
Also , not left out in this negative western influence is our local dialect which is gradually going into extinction due to preference for foreign language. The younger generation can hardly Communicate in their local dialect "òsu igbo ekweemeg umuntakiri eka" and to speak correct English is a herculean task.
What an aberration! Regrettably, parents especially women speak more of English to their children thinking they are helping them and belong to the elite class but the same English the children will learn from school. They are not nd ocha and they can never be rather Nd Enugu ezike. Again , for those of them resident in Anambra or ibo speaking states use olu ugbo in place of Ezike dialect and they grow up not speaking Ezike dialect or mixing it hence ugbo Ezike example tinyere m ofe okeke. Our cultural heritages have been watered down by western civilization, one recall with nostalgia those days when life was treasured and values well respected.
As of then, parents hide their faces in shame when their daughters are found out to be non - virgins by their husbands during wedlock. The notions of chastity and virginity have been rendered absurd. The proliferation of pornographic films in our society enhances illicit sex and loss of virginity among our youths. These imported " blue" movies as they are known are as popular as other movies circulating among both adults and youths. These movies corrupt and defile the minds of people who watch them and Ezike culture discourages such immoral behaviour.
THE WAY OUT!
We should be on the revival of traditional morality which Enugu ezike was known for. Parents here should play the major role of ensuring moral behaviour of their children, closely interacting with and identifying their cherished values and friends they keep, the kind of films they watch, the kind of clothes they wear. Help to eradicate moral decadence, social vices and crimes in our communities.
Aji Essodo is not known for violence nor for illicit sexual escapades. We are a peaceful community that believes in unity, progress and high sense of solidarity. osha ne eme ike. Ogilija Agbaji solomon kelechi writes from Anambra. (OAK)
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