The environmental damage due to mismanagement of plastics waste is a matter of serious concern.
The landfill sites are mostly filled with plastics waste due to littering habits and none biodegradability of plastics waste which persist for several years and therefore, may create complexities on land and water.
To validate the effect of plastics waste dumps underground water. Plastics waste especially plastics (polythene) bags and sachets of water known as pure water which come in various sizes of plastics bags constitute a major nuisance as they are often discard in ways that deface the landscape and became harmful to humans, animals and the soils.
Sadly most people don't view plastics (polythene) waste as recyclable or reusable materials hence it is causing a huge environmental problems, while the responsible authorities and community members have failed to tackle the problem. Plastics (polythene) usage is increasing daily and annual production is on the increase.
The environmental and human health are to affected synthesize current understanding of the benefits and concern surrounding the use of plastics (polythene) and look future priorities challenges and opportunities it is evident that Plastics material brings many societal benefits and offer future technological and medicine advances, however concerns about usage and disposal are diverse and include accumulation of waste in landfills and in natural habitats.
Physical problem for wildlife resulting from ingesting plastics polythene product includes entanglement in Plastics.
The leaching of chemicals from plastic polythene products and the potentials for plastic to transfer chemical to wildlife and humans, however perhaps the most important overring concerns which are implicit throughout this volume is that our current usage is not sustainable.
Around 4 per cent of world oil products are used as a feedstock to make plastic polythene and a similar amount are used as energy in the process, yet over a third of current production is used to make items of packing which are then rapidly discarded. Given our declining reserves of fossils fuels and finite capacity for disposal of wastes to landfill this linear use of hydrocarbon via packing and others short live application of plastics polythene is simply not sustainable.
There are solutions including material reduction design for end of life recyclability increased recycling capacity development of bio-based feedstock. Strategies to reduce littering and the application of green chemistry life cycle analyses and revised risk assessment approaches, such measure will be most effectives through the combined action of the public industry scientists and policy maker for urgency need.
Because some of drainage are full with plastic bags produced in the first 15 years of the current century is likely to approach the quantity produced in the entire century that preceded and the implication of plastics polythene material to soil has a lot of effect to the environmental. Because it will block drainage and other valuable areas in the country and it will pollute the environment and lead to the spread of diseases. Experts should make recommendations to the government to initiate policy which will find some substitute to plastic polythene materials in public places.
ISMAILA MOHAMMED WUYO DEPARTMENT OF MASS COMMUNICATION UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI Email email@example.com 08032460679
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