Cultism has remained a problem for tertiary institutions in Nigeria and the larger Nigerian society since the first decade of the existence of University Education in Nigeria and has taken different dimensions and dangerous faces. Cultism is referred as a secret organization whose activities are held secretly and are characterized by rituals.
The activities of secret cults in Nigeria started through a small group of rascals at the University of Ibadan.
The first of such group was the 'pirates '. The reason for the formation of this group was to fight corruption, oppression, injustice and evil doers which characterized the few universities at that time but unfortunately cultism is now used for doing something different from what it was established for. Cultism in Nigeria cuts across all classes and different shades and pockets of them can be found almost everywhere. Unfavorable learning environment, lack of financial assistance, to seek for popularity, to be considered an influential person, frustrations from family, school and society are some the reasons why students join cultism.
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For some it because their parents were once members of secret cults, to get protection from people who want to exploit them, to fulfill their desires or hide their academic weakness. Family background, poor home training, lack of religious, moral and educational instructions also prompt students to join cultism. Cultists have wrecked havoc on campuses academic programmes and calendars of many universities in Nigeria have had to be disrupted as a result of the mayhem by secret cults. Cultism has generated a lot of fear, tension, insecurity, explosion of students and closure of schools.
To curb this menace in campuses school authorities , parents and the government should come together to organize national seminars, orientation programmes and symposium to enable students know the dangers of belonging to secret cults. schools should help those identified as cult members rather than expelling because the fear of loosing their studentship if caught could be one of the reasons why schools have not been able to eliminate cultism in campuses.
Religious and moral institutions should play their roles properly. Students must have adequate security, comfortable accommodation and learning environment. It is necessary for schools to carry out well organized orientation programmes for new students so that cult members will no longer take advantage of the ignorance of new students to make them join secret cults. School authorities should not create enabling environment for secret cults activities
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