Lagos - Terrorist attacks launched by the militant Boko Haram sect have been revealed as the most leading factor responsible for the displacement of people in the country.
According to a poll by NOIPolls in partnership with Social Welfare Network Initiative and Africare, the terror accounts for 75 percent of the displacements.
According to researchers, more findings revealed that while cases of internally displaced persons (IDPs) might not be common in some parts of Nigeria, awareness of the phenomenon was not limited to regions with high cases of IDPs as about three-fourths (73 percent) of the adult population are aware of the cases of IDPs in Nigeria.
Almost half the number of respondents who showed awareness of the cases of IDPs have either had a personal encounter or have seen cases of IDPs in Nigeria.
This is mostly true for the North-East region (98 percent) given the current state of insecurity in this region. Moreover, some of the respondents testified they were IDPs themselves, although poll results did not capture the actual proportion of respondents in this category.
Findings also showed that awareness on the cases of IDPs in Nigeria might not necessarily be through personal experiences (but through other means such as the media) as most respondents from the Southern regions who showed awareness have minimal experiences with cases of IDPs.
The opinion poll was conducted in the week of February 9 involving telephone interviews of a random nationwide sample.
A total of 1 000 randomly selected phone-owning Nigerians aged 18 years and above, representing the six geopolitical zones in the country, were interviewed.
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"With a sample of this size, we can say with 95 percent confidence that the results obtained are statistically precise - within a range of plus or minus 3 percent," NOIPolls Limited.
Figures provided by the Nigerian government on internal displacement put the overall figure at 10,4 million at the end of 2012; thus placing Nigeria at the top of the chart with the largest IDP population in the region.
Several factors have led to the displacement of persons across the various regions in Nigeria.
In the South-South region, Rivers, Bayelsa, and Delta states which are considered to be the core of the Niger-Delta region have been the scene political issues and oil wealth. A number of reported IDPs in this region has varied from 1 000 people sheltering in schools and hospitals to about 10,000 residents believed to have fled and unable to return to their
On the other hand, the incessant terrorist attacks from Boko Haram as well as several communal and religious clashes in the Northern parts of Nigeria especially the North-East region, have led to the death and displacement of thousands of people.
- CAJ News