Washington - Facebook is becoming a key source of news
for users of the huge social network, even if people discover articles mostly
by happenstance, a study showed on Thursday.
The study by the Pew Research Centre, in collaboration
with the Knight Foundation, found 64% of US adults use Facebook, and nearly
half of those get some news from the service.
That amounts to 30% of the overall US population who are
"Facebook news consumers", Pew said.
But the survey found 78% of this group get news mainly
when they are on Facebook for other reasons, such as checking on friends or
"People go to Facebook to share personal moments -
and they discover the news almost incidentally," said Amy Mitchell, Pew
Research Centre's director of journalism research.
"The serendipitous nature of news on Facebook may
actually increase its importance as a source of news and information,
especially among those who do not follow the news closely."
Most heavy news consumers do not describe Facebook as
their main source of information on current affairs: Some 38% of Facebook news consumers who say
they follow the news "all" or "most of the time" describe
the social network as an important way they get news.
But that number rises to 47% among those who say they
follow news just "some of the time" or less.
Those in the 18- to 29-year-old age bracket account for
about a third of Facebook news consumers. These younger adults often turn to
the social network for breaking news and see the site as important a source of
The study authors write that Facebook "exposes some
people to news who otherwise might not get it" by delivering news through
shared links from friends.
"This study adds to our understanding of the way
social media is transforming how news is shared and consumed," said Mayur
Patel, Knight Foundation vice president.
"The implications for media organisations are
significant - through the data they can gain insights on the behaviour and
preferences of the people they are trying to reach, and identify new engagement
Roughly two-thirds of Facebook news consumers say they at
least sometimes click on news links, and 60% at least sometimes
"like" or comment on stories, the researchers found.
About four in 10 post or share links themselves at least
sometimes, and 32% discuss issues in the news with other people on Facebook,
the survey found.
The study found Facebook users click on a news link most
often because of their interest in the topic or a friend's recommendation, and
just 20% said they did so because of the news organisation.
About a third of Facebook news consumers have news
organisations or individual journalists in their feeds, Pew found.
The researchers also found that Facebook users are also
consuming news on other platforms.
About 42% of Facebook news consumers often watch local
television news, compared with 46% of all US adults.
But just 21% often read print newspapers, compared with
27% of the population overall, Pew found.
The researchers interviewed 5 173 US adults including 3 268
Facebook users from 21 August to 2 September 2013.