Zurich - Fifa says its research shows fewer than one in four member federations has staff dedicated to working for women's football.
One in five federations did not have a women's senior national team and half did not run youth national teams, the survey reveals.
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FIFA says 177 of 209 members replied to the survey last year, allowing it to "make conclusions and recommendations which can be applied across all confederations."
FIFA says more than 30 million women and girls are playing football. Few seem to be involved as officials.
Women accounted for one in six members of federation executive committees. That is more than the three women on FIFA's 27-member ruling board.
One in 10 referees worldwide and around one in 14 coaches are women, FIFA says.