Washington - More than one-in-four adults harbour anti-Semitic
attitudes and barely half worldwide have heard of the Holocaust, according to a
global study released on Tuesday by a major Jewish rights group.
The US-based Anti-Defamation League, in a survey of 53 100
adults in 102 countries and territories, "found that anti-Semitic
attitudes are persistent and pervasive around the world".
The ADL, which fights anti-Semitism, says that 26% of those
surveyed - equivalent to an estimated one billion adults around the world -
expressed anti-Semitic attitudes and opinions.
And it found two out of three people surveyed have either
never heard of the Holocaust - the World War II massacre of Jews led by Nazi
Germany - or do not believe historical accounts to be accurate.
"For the first time we have a real sense of how
pervasive and persistent anti-Semitism is today around the world," said
Abraham Foxman, ADL National Director.
"The data from the Global 100 Index enables us to look
beyond anti-Semitic incidents and rhetoric and quantify the prevalence of
anti-Semitic attitudes across the globe.
"We can now identify hotspots, as well as countries and
regions of the world where hatred of Jews is essentially non-existent."
Respondents were asked 11 questions based on age-old
stereotypes about Jews, including classical stereotypes about Jewish power,
loyalty, money and behaviour.
Those who responded affirmatively to six or more negative
statements about Jews were considered to hold anti-Semitic attitudes.
The survey is available here.