Nanjing - China and Taiwan will on Tuesday hold their first
government-to-government talks since they split 65 years ago after a brutal
civil war - a symbolic yet historic move between the former bitter rivals.
Taipei's Wang Yu-chi, who oversees the island's China
policy, arrived in Nanjing for a meeting with his Beijing counterpart Zhang
Zhijun on the first day of a four-day trip, a Taiwanese official said.
The eastern Chinese city was the country's capital when it
was ruled by Wang's Kuomintang, or Nationalist, party in the first half of the
When they lost China's civil war - which cost millions of
lives - to Mao Zedong's communists in 1949, two million supporters of the
Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan, officially known as the
Republic of China.
The island and the mainland have been governed separately
ever since, both claiming to be the true government of China and only
re-establishing contact in the 1990s through quasi-official organisations.
Reunite all of China
Tuesday's meeting is the fruit of years of efforts to
But Beijing's communist authorities still aim to reunite all
of China under their rule, and view Taiwan as a rebel region awaiting
reunification with the mainland, by force if necessary.
Over the decades Taipei has become increasingly isolated
diplomatically, losing the Chinese seat at the UN in 1971 and seeing the number
of countries recognising it steadily whittled away, but it is supplied
militarily by the United States and has enjoyed a long economic boom.
While no official agenda has been released for the talks -
widely seen as a symbolic, confidence-building exercise - Taiwan's Wang last
month said they had "crucial implications for further institutionalisation
of ties between the two sides".
Taiwan is likely to focus on reaping practical outcomes from
the discussions, such as securing economic benefits or security assurances,
while China has one eye on long-term integration of the island, analysts say.
The political thaw comes after the two sides made cautious
steps towards economic reconciliation in recent years.
As the heirs of a pan-Chinese government, Taiwan's ruling
Kuomintang party accepts the "One China" principle and is opposed to
seeking independence for the island.
Since it returned to power on the island in elections in
2008, President Ma Ying-jeou has overseen a marked softening in tone from
Taipei towards its giant neighbour, restoring direct flights between the two sides
and other measures.
In June 2010, Taiwan and China signed the landmark Economic
Co-operation Framework Agreement, a pact widely characterised as the boldest
step yet towards reconciliation.
Yet despite the much-touted detente, Taipei and Beijing have
still shunned all official contact, and negotiations have been carried out
While these bodies - the quasi-official Straits Exchange
Foundation representing Taiwan and the Association for Relations Across the
Taiwan Straits for China - have achieved economic progress, they lack the power
to broach deeper-held differences.
Analysts say that only government-level officials can
address the lingering sovereignty dispute that sees each side claiming to be
the sole legitimate government of China.
Don't expect too much
Tuesday's meeting will be watched closely to see whether it
could pave the way for talks between Ma and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping
- although chances of that happening any time soon are slim.
"The current interaction across the Taiwan Strait is
quite positive," said Jia Qingguo, a professor of international studies at
Ties have "been developing very fast, but the potential
of this relationship has not been fully tapped (by) both sides," he said.
"But people should not expect too much out of it. It
will take time for the two sides to get really integrated."
Nonetheless the mood surrounding the talks soured in Taiwan
after Beijing refused to issue credentials to the Taipei-based Apple Daily and
the US government-funded Radio Free Asia at the weekend.
Taiwan said on Monday it would raise the issue of press
freedom with China during the talks.