Mingora - For many of her compatriots, Malala Yousafzai is a stooge of the
United States and a CIA agent, a symbol of the West's evils and a global
conspiracy to bring down her native Pakistan.
She has won the European Union's prestigious human rights award and was one
of the favourites to win the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday, but in her native
Swat valley, friends and neighbours reacted with a mixture of resentment, fear
"Malala is spoiling Pakistan's name around the world," said
Mohammad Rizwan, a shop owner in her hometown of Mingora. "We didn't need
Malala to come and tell us how important education is."
Around the corner from his shop is the quiet street where Malala, 16, was
shot a year ago after trying to defy the Taliban with her outspoken views on
women's right to education.
She survived after being airlifted to Britain for treatment and has since
become a symbol of defiance against militants holed up in nearby tribal areas
on the Afghan border.
But in this deeply conservative part of Pakistan, where women are expected
to stay at home and keep their views to themselves, many people view Malala's
campaign with suspicion.
In a nation thriving on conspiracy theories, some have even doubted the
sincerity of her campaign, claiming it is part of her family's ploy to move to
Britain or that she is just an attention seeker.
Social media sites are brimming with insulting messages. "We hate
Malala Yousafzai, a CIA agent," says one Facebook page.
"Here, people have been unkind to her. They want to forget her. They
think she is a drama queen. But what can you do?" said Ahmad Shah, a
childhood friend of Malala's father who helped write her speech at the United
Nations this year.
"Here in Swat, we have seen the hell that is Taliban rule. And yet,
some people still say they would much rather side with the Taliban than Malala.
Sometimes people never learn."
In an impoverished region where violence is part of daily life, some of Malala's
neighbours were simply afraid. Some appeared keen to forget about her and move
The picturesque valley was overran by the Taliban, who imposed strict
Islamic laws and kept its people in fear, in 2007. It is now controlled by the
Pakistani army. Mingora, a dusty town of windy roads surrounded by jagged
hills, is festooned with billboards reading "Long live the Pakistan
There were no posters of Malala.
"Malala is a talented girl, no doubt," said Zahid Khan, head of
the Swat Peace Jirga, an anti-Taliban body who has survived three attempts on
his life for his work.
"I have been attacked. Shot. Almost killed. But no one is honouring me.
The state hasn't given me a cent in compensation."
The Taliban have issued repeated threats to kill her.
"She says she does not want to live like an illiterate person in a
walled compound and deliver children," said Shahidullah Shahid, a
Pakistani Taliban spokesperson.
"Her mother and grandmother used to live in walled compounds and
deliver children, so by saying that she didn't even spare her mother."
At Khushal Public School, a three-storey building where she studied, many
avoided mentioning her name altogether.
A red and yellow school bus parked outside its metal gate was the same as
the one in which Malala was shot on 9 October 2012. In her classroom, her old
seat was still empty. Someone had placed a schoolbag there to mark her
But there were no events held to mark the first anniversary of her shooting.
"We want the girls to forget the trauma of that day," said Nargis
Bibi, a school administrator. "We want them to forget it. We don't want
them to relive it again. We all want to move on."
Quratulain Ali, Malala's friend, said quietly: "We are all very happy
in our hearts [that she was nominated to win the Nobel Peace Prize] but we
don't often speak about it openly. There could be danger for us also."
The award went to the Hague-based Organisation for the Prohibition of
Chemical Weapons, which is overseeing the destruction's of Syria's arsenal.