Washington - US President Barack Obama will meet Tibet's exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama at the White House on Friday, in an encounter likely to draw the ire of China.
The US leader last met the Dalai Lama, a fellow Nobel peace laureate, at the White House in 2011 in talks that triggered an angry response from Beijing, which said the encounter had harmed Sino-US relations.
Beijing accuses the Dalai Lama of seeking independence for his homeland.
With the Dalai Lama already in the United States on a visit, National Security Council spokesperson Caitlin Hayden announced that Obama would meet the monk "in his capacity as an internationally respected religious and cultural leader".
In a sign of the sensitivity of the occasion, the event was listed on the president's daily schedule as closed to the press.
Hayden also underlined that the United States supported the Dalai Lama's approach but recognized Tibet to be "a part of the People's Republic of China".
"We do not support Tibetan independence," Hayden said.
"The United States strongly supports human rights and religious freedom in China. We are concerned about continuing tensions and the deteriorating human rights situation in Tibetan areas of China."
Hayden said the Obama administration would renew calls for the Chinese government to resume dialogue with the Dalai Lama or his representatives, without preconditions.
China has for decades opposed foreign dignitaries meeting the Dalai Lama, who fled to India in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule.
The revered Buddhist leader says he advocates greater autonomy for Tibetans rather than independence.
But tensions between Tibetans and the Chinese authorities run high.
More than 120 Tibetans have set themselves on fire and committed suicide in recent years to protest what they see as oppression by China's government and controls on their right to exercise their religion.
The visit comes on the heels of a trip to Beijing by Secretary of State John Kerry but well ahead of an Asia-Pacific summit there in November that Obama is expected to attend - meaning that China could not retaliate by cancelling a high-profile visit.
Todd Stein, Washington-based director of government relations for the International Campaign for Tibet, hailed Obama's meeting as another sign of US support for preservation of the Himalayan region's culture.
"President Obama's hosting of the Dalai Lama is a continued expression of support for his work, his message and his cause," Stein said.
Obama came under domestic criticism in 2009 when he did not see the Dalai Lama during a visit to Washington, as the new president looked to start on the right foot with China.
But the optimism of the early days of the Obama presidency has dimmed, with the United States pressing China on a range of concerns including its territorial disputes with US allies Japan and the Philippines and Beijing's alleged cyber espionage campaign.
The Dalai Lama enjoys wide support across the political spectrum in the United States, and is on one of his regular visits to the country, which will also see him go to Minnesota and California.
The Dalai Lama, whose audiences often lean to the left, on Thursday found a receptive audience as he addressed the right-leaning American Enterprise Institute.
Pressed on whether he supported capitalism, the Dalai Lama offered a gentle call for a more humane system. He pointed to late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, who started the Asian power's shift toward capitalism in the 1980s, as proof that the "centralised economy, no matter how much effort, fails".
"I think Deng Xiaoping [was a] very, very realistic leader," he said.
"He accepted the reality [and had] courage to change the economic system."
But the Dalai Lama also pointed to the gap between rich and poor in the United States - a central preoccupation of Obama's second term - and to the debates about economic justice in India.
"We need a sense of concern toward other human beings... on the basis of the sense of oneness of humanity," the Dalai Lama said.