Castel Gandolfo - Once he steps down on Thursday, Pope Benedict XVI will begin his retirement in the papal summer residence at Castel Gandolfo, a sumptuous villa outside Rome with ornamental gardens, breathtaking views and its own farm.
Benedict will spend around two months in the palace, which is perched high on a rocky outcrop above Italy's Lake Albano, before withdrawing to a monastery within the grounds of the Vatican.
The villa and gardens now sprawl over 55ha, making the site about 11ha bigger than the Vatican, the world's smallest state.
One wing of the palace looks out onto the main square of Castel Gandolfo, a mediaeval town listed among Italy's most beautiful, and it is from one of those windows that Benedict will wave goodbye just before resigning on Thursday and retreating to a life of prayer and academic research out of the public eye.
Inside the grounds, there are views down to the lake or glimpses of the sea beyond gardens decorated with sculptures, with orchards of apricot and peach trees and greenhouses of ornamental flowers.
The residence has long been a favourite with popes hoping to escape the infernal heat of a Roman summer and, at 426m above sea level, the palace is a cool oasis.
Lightning bolt out of the blue
"The pope, who usually visits at Easter, has brought his stay forward by a month," said Saverio Petrillo, director of the Pontifical Villas.
"The situation is routine in terms of logistics, but exceptional considering the circumstances," he said.
Benedict's resignation "took us by surprise, it was like a lightning bolt out of the blue", said the white-haired Petrillo, who said he understood the pope's decision to give up the papacy.
"Here the pope will find a family atmosphere. There are no great works of art, no huge rooms," he said as he showed off reception rooms decorated with simple wooden crosses, bibles on tables and photographs of Benedict smiling as he walks through the palace grounds.
Cypresses and sculptured hedges line secluded paths in the gardens, but Benedict does not often stroll among the blooming flowerbeds or fountains, Petrillo said.
"He is a reserved man of study who is not a huge fan of the great outdoors."
'I find everything'
Benedict will be accompanied by two private secretaries and four lay women and is expected to spend most of his time in his private apartment, which has a view of the sea.
The pontiff said in 2011 that at Castel Gandolfo, "I find everything: A mountain, a lake, I even see the sea," a phrase immortalised in a plaque on the town hall opposite the palace.
It was pope Urban VIII who first decided in 1626 to establish the papal summer residence in Castel Gandolfo, which is 30km from Rome and also houses the large telescope of the Vatican's Observatory.
Centuries later, after several other villas had been incorporated into the land, pope Pius XI opened a farm, which includes cows, hens, cockerels and pontifical bees.