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Syria raid sparks Lebanon warning

13 June 2013, 12:01

Beirut - Lebanon's army has warned it will hit back against any new attacks from Syria after a helicopter gunship struck an eastern town, elevating tensions amid US-British talks on the conflict.

In Washington, Secretary of State John Kerry and his British counterpart William Hague met on Wednesday, a day after President Barack Obama asked his security team to "look at all options" to help the Syrian opposition.

A Syrian helicopter gunship fired two rockets at the centre of Arsal, a Lebanese town populated mostly by Sunni Muslims, wounding one person, Lebanon's army said.

In a rare warning against Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime, it said Lebanese troops "took the necessary defensive measures to respond immediately to any similar violations".

Hague told a joint news conference that Britain and its allies must be "prepared to do more" to save lives in Syria, calling the conflict "the most urgent crisis anywhere in the world today" and a grave regional threat.

Kerry insisted the goal of diplomatic efforts was to reach a political solution and transition of power that "gives the Syrian people the chance to have a new beginning where they choose their future leadership".

Private arms sales not part of deal

Later on Wednesday the US State Department announced the easing of restrictions on trade with Syria's opposition, in a move aimed at helping supply the critical needs of Syrians in "liberated areas".

The new waivers allow companies to supply software, technology, reconstruction and power generation equipment, as well as farm and food production equipment, to opposition-controlled areas.

Private sales of arms to the rebels, however, were not included in the new policy.

Lebanon's President Michel Sleiman called the Arsal attack "a violation of Lebanon's sovereignty" and said Beirut has the right to take steps to defend itself.

Hours after the helicopter gunship strike Syria's army command insisted that it respected its neighbour's sovereignty but would continue to target rebels, state news agency SANA said.

Most residents of Arsal, in the hills just 12km from the border with Syria, support the Sunni-led uprising against the Assad regime.

Conduit for weapons

The majority of Syria's population is Sunni but it has been ruled for more than 40 years by the Assad clan from the Alawite community, an offshoot of Shi'ite Islam.

The Syria conflict erupted in March 2011 following a bloody regime crackdown on Arab Spring-inspired democracy protests.

Since then, there have been several spillover attacks in Lebanon involving both sides in Syria, but Wednesday's army statement was the first of its kind in the nearly 27-month conflict.

Lebanon's poorly equipped army normally co-ordinates closely with the Syrian military.

Damascus dominated Lebanon politically and militarily for 30 years until 2005, and still exerts significant influence through its allies in the country.

Arsal has been used as a conduit for weapons and rebels to enter Syria, while also serving as a refuge for people fleeing the conflict.

Regime troop advance

Dozens of people wounded in fighting in Qusayr - mostly rebels - flocked to Arsal last week as Syria's army and fighters from the Lebanese Shi'ite movement Hezbollah overran the former insurgent bastion near the border.

In a new macabre episode, Sunni Islamist rebels celebrated the killing of about 60 Shi'ites, mostly pro-regime fighters, according to amateur video distributed by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

"Look Shi'ites, this is how you will end up, you dogs," cries one man shown in footage filmed in Hatlah village, in the eastern Syrian province of Deir Ezzor, as he points to a man's disfigured corpse.

Boosted by their victory in Qusayr, regime troops advanced on parts of the nearby city of Homs, as they prepared to assault Aleppo in the north, the Observatory said.

A US-Russian peace initiative appears to have stalled as Assad's forces make battlefield gains.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, meanwhile, called for better protection for peacekeepers in the Golan Heights against the growing threat from the fighting in Syria but said it was "essential" that the mission remain.

Children used as snipers

Ban made the call as the first Austrian troops withdrew from the UN Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) following attacks and abductions of peacekeepers. Croatia and Japan have also withdrawn in recent months.

Fiji is sending 171 troops this month, who would replace the Croatian and Japanese contingents, according to the UN report. It has reportedly offered to send hundreds more soldiers.

The United Nations also said on Wednesday that children are being used as sniper targets and human shields in the Syria war.

Ban said in the report the 26-month-old war in Syria is taking an "unacceptable and unbearable" toll on children with thousands among the death toll.



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