Pattaya - Thai rescuers on Monday recounted frantic efforts to pluck terrified survivors from the sea after a crowded tourist ferry sank, leaving six dead including three foreigners, as police searched for the captain who fled.
The tragedy raised new questions about safety standards in the kingdom, which drew a record 22 million tourists last year but is struggling to shake off a reputation for lax regulation.
Three people from Thailand, one person from Hong Kong and two other unidentified foreigners were among the dead, according to officials in the tourist resort of Pattaya, around 150km southeast of Bangkok.
The double-decker ferry sank on Sunday afternoon near Koh Larn, a small island popular with day-trippers from Pattaya, a popular beach resort renowned for its racy nightlife.
"The boat went down in minutes. I saw people, some with life jackets, and some without in the water. One man was holding on to a gas cylinder. There was a body face down in the water. They were all panicking, shouting for help," said a local dive guide who was one of the first on the scene.
"We pulled 60 people from the water, including a Russian boy. We gave him CPR but he was in a very bad way," she said, asking not to be named.
'Captain ran away'
Police said that apart from the six dead, all of the 150-200 others on the boat (including many Russians) were believed to have been rescued. Nineteen people were injured.
"We don't expect to find any more dead. One Russian boy is seriously ill in intensive care," said Pattaya police chief Colonel Suwarn Chiewnawintawat.
"The captain ran away. We will issue an arrest warrant for him," he said. "Divers will recover the boat today. We still don't know the cause."
Stunned tourists were seen being led to safety on shore on Sunday where they were met by dozens of ambulances along Pattaya's neon-lit beachfront. Medics performed emergency first aid on injured passengers.
Accidents involving boats, buses and other forms of public transport are common in Thailand, where safety standards are generally poor.
"We still don't know the reason for the accident. I am not sure if there are more dead or not, because we don't know how many people were on the boat," said Thai rescue diver Suttipong Boonmachai.
"Today we are going to recover the boat. We will use underwater detection equipment," he told AFP on Pattaya's main pier.
Series of accidents
A local boat captain who witnessed the tragedy recounted throwing life jackets to passengers in the water.
"I saw 100 people [most of them foreigners] in the water," he said. "I threw 50 life jackets into the water. There was one man, he was not breathing. We pulled him out of the water."
On Pattaya's main pier it was business as usual on Monday for the operators of double-decker wooden ferries preparing to take tourists out on day cruises.
"After an accident like this the boats should be grounded for checks but today they are all running," said a European working in the town's marine tourism industry, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
"The boats are very old. There's no maintenance. They are always overcrowded, there's no head count."
In recent years the kingdom's tourist-friendly image as the "Land of Smiles" has also been tarnished by political violence, crimes against foreigners and devastating floods, but visitor numbers continue to rise.
Diplomats from China and the European Union have voiced concern at the number of incidents involving their tourists.
In May more than 100 people were rescued from a tourist ferry which began to sink in rough seas near the tourist island of Phuket.
Two Chinese tourists were killed and several others injured in August when a speedboat in which they were travelling crashed in Pattaya.
Last month an Indian woman died when a boat propeller struck her head while she was parasailing on her honeymoon in the same resort.
Other high-profile safety incidents in the kingdom include a fire at a nightclub in August 2012 on the island of Phuket that left four people dead including two foreigners.