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US presses China to rein in ally N Korea

12 April 2013, 07:37

Washington - The United States slammed North Korea's belligerence on Thursday and pressed China to rein in its ally, as US officials downplayed a chilling spy agency report that Pyongyang has a nuclear-armed missile.

The alarming assessment of the North's nuclear capabilities, revealed by a US lawmaker at a congressional hearing, came as tensions on the Korean peninsula mounted over an expected missile launch by Pyongyang.

A senior official travelling with US Secretary of State John Kerry to Seoul, where he was due on Friday, again pressed China to encourage its wayward ally to stop its destabilising nuclear activities and threats to the region.

The North's February nuclear test and its fury over subsequent UN sanctions are at the core of the current crisis that has seen Pyongyang threaten nuclear strikes against the United States and South Korea.

President Barack Obama said "nobody wants to see a conflict," but emphasised that the United States was ready to take "all necessary steps to protect its people" and defend its allies in the region.

"We both agree that now is the time for North Korea to end the kind of belligerent approach that they've been taking," Obama said after talks in the Oval Office with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

"It's important for North Korea, like every other country in the world, to observe basic rules and norms."

China’s role

The top US official travelling with Kerry, who will also visit Beijing and Tokyo during his trip to Asia, said China had a key role to play in the crisis.

"China has a huge stake in stability, and the continued North Korean pursuit of a nuclear-armed missile capability is the enemy of stability," the official said.

In Washington, Congressman Doug Lamborn, reading from an unclassified portion of a Defense Intelligence Agency report, said Pyongyang could be capable of launching a nuclear warhead, albeit an unpredictable one.

"DIA assesses with moderate confidence the North currently has nuclear weapons capable of delivery by ballistic missiles," said the report, according to the Republican lawmaker. "However, the reliability will be low."

But the Pentagon and the director of national intelligence quickly threw cold water on the assessment.

Pentagon spokesperson George Little said it would be "inaccurate" to suggest North Korea had demonstrated the capabilities referenced by Lamborn - a remark echoed by Director of National Intelligence James Clapper.

Game-changing scenario

The leaked intelligence marked the first time the US government has suggested North Korea may have succeeded in miniaturising a nuclear device - a potentially game-changing scenario for the strategic balance in East Asia.

South Korea was sceptical, with Defence Ministry spokesperson Kim Min-Seok saying it was "still doubtful" that the North had produced a warhead small enough to fit on a missile.

Intelligence officials in Seoul say the North has two mid-range missiles ready for imminent launch from its east coast, and South Korea and Japan remained on heightened alert for any test.

Pyongyang has not officially announced a launch, but a state body in charge of inter-Korean exchanges stressed on Thursday that "powerful strike means" had been put in place.

Observers believe a launch is most likely in the build-up to the 15 April birthday of late founder Kim Il-Sung, for which celebrations are already well under way in Pyongyang.

The mid-range missiles mobilised by the North are reported to be untested Musudan models with an estimated range of up to 4 000km.

That would cover any target in South Korea and Japan, and possibly even US military bases on the Pacific island of Guam.

Yonhap news agency quoted military sources as saying the North was moving multiple missiles around in an apparent bid to confuse outside intelligence gatherers about its intentions.



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